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According to the US National Academy of Sciences, humans are drastically changing the Earth’s climate.  This theory is based on several factors, such as the sun’s lack of variations in recent decades.  The sun, which is the primary source of energy driving the Earth’s climate system, has shown no increase in output while the Earth’s global surface temperature is believed to have increased.  Various reports claim that this proves the sun’s lack of involvement in recent climate change.

Climate changes, including natural ones, are disruptive.  In the past they’ve led to the extinction of many species, population migrations, and pronounced changes in the land surface and ocean circulation.  A well-known example of this is the ice age.  Current climate change may be accelerating faster than most of the past events, making adaption more difficult for human societies and the natural world.  The scientists point to the American Pika, which are native to cold alpine conditions but are believed to be dying from rising temperatures.

The report states that human activities have significantly disturbed the natural carbon cycle in many ways.  The US National Academy of Sciences notes, since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, the burning of fossil fuels (coal, oil and gas) has released carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere.  A substantial portion of this CO2 accumulates in the atmosphere, where some of it will remain for thousands of years. CO2 is important gas for controlling Earth’s temperature and it needs to maintain balance.  Without greenhouse gases - carbon dioxide, methane and halocarbons - Earth would be frozen at zero degrees Fahrenheit. But with too many greenhouse gases, Earth could ultimately become like the planet Venus, where the greenhouse atmosphere keeps temperatures around seven hundred fifty degrees Fahrenheit.

The Academy of Sciences also indicates that human-induced deforestation is possibly a very significant contributor to climate change.  Fewer trees reduce the amount of photosynthesis, a process in which plants remove CO2 from the atmosphere and store it internally.  Experts suggest the "slash and burn" technique is commonly used to clear forests. This in turn releases CO2 that had been stored in the plants into the atmosphere. Increasing the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere is just one effect of deforestation on climate change.  Permanent destruction of forests can also change the amount of energy from the sun that is reflected by the Earth’s surface. It could change the amount of water vapor released into the atmosphere.  This accumulation of atmospheric water vapor can trap additional heat and further increase temperatures.  Upon further analysis, scientists believe these factors have a regional effect on temperature.

Due to natural causes, the warming rate of the Earth has varied from time to time and place to place. Researchers believe short-term variations like these are expected and are not responsible for the long-term warming trend. The report indicates the long-term trend is primarily due to human-induced changes in the atmospheric levels of CO2 and other greenhouse gases. Human factors can affect warming from decade to decade with variations in emissions as different practices come and go. The study states that the human factors begin with the Industrial Revolution’s coal-fueled power plants and varied over the years to include other greenhouse gases, aerosols (which can have both warming and cooling effects), vapor trails from planes, soot from fires and components of smog created indirectly by local pollution. While all these factors tend to increase warming, the Academy of Sciences admits that aerosol particles produced by some vehicles and industrial processes tend to bounce sunlight away from the Earth, temporarily counteracting some of the warming caused by greenhouse gases. Studies show human activities have emitted greenhouse gases in the Earth’s lower atmosphere which have also created the potential for more storms and certain severe weather events as it becomes warmer and damper.

The study suggests global warming is a long-term trend, but that does not mean that every year will be warmer than the previous one. Day to day, and year to year, changes in weather patterns will continue to produce some unusually cold days and nights, and winters and summers, even as the climate warms.

Scientists are confident that Earth will warm further over the coming century. The impact of this warming could threaten food production, freshwater supplies, coastal infrastructure, and especially the population currently living in low-lying areas as water levels rise. Scholars conclude, even if emissions of greenhouse gases were to suddenly stop, Earth’s surface temperature would not cool and return to the pre-industrial era level for thousands of years.

The report concludes that climate change is inevitable, but if greenhouse gas emissions continue as they are, future changes will substantially exceed those that have occurred so far. This will be perilous to all life on Earth, making the need for change now extremely dire. There are conflicting theories regarding the cause of the Earth’s rapid climate change. Continue reading for another point of view.


The following information has been collected from Scientist American’s article “The Role of Sunspots and Solar Winds in Climate Change.” Some scientists believe the surface of the sun is going blank, a phenomenon which scientists describe as a natural event in the sun’s current solar cycle. These solar cycles last for 11 years, and see both increases and decreases in sunspots. Appearing as solar flares and dark blemishes, sunspots are darker, cooler areas with magnetic storms on the surface of the sun. The article states that the greatest number of sunspots in any given solar cycle is designated as “solar maximum.” The lowest number is called “solar minimum,” which describes the current state of the sun. This means that normally the surface of the sun looks blotchy and freckled compared to its current appearance which scientists have likened to a cue ball.

But what does this mean for Earth’s climate? Southwestern Law School professor Joerg Knipprath is still trying to determine the answer. Knipprath states, “Solar flares, which are linked to sunspots, consist of strong x-ray flashes and light energy. These flares shoot off into space at the speed of light from the surface of the sun.” Solar wind, according to NASA, consists of solar flares which influence galactic rays. It is believed that these rays may affect atmospheric phenomena on Earth such as cloud cover. In addition, a previous solar minimum which took place in the 1600s and 1700s was marked by cold temperatures and severe winters in Europe and North America. Scientists have deliberated that a decrease in the sun's ultraviolet emissions may have triggered the change in climate. However, this is just speculation, as it hasn’t been firmly proven that the two phenomena were actually related.

In contrast to the current lack of sunspots, some studies indicate that overall sunspot activity has doubled in the last century. The visible result of this being the sun glowing brighter (by about 0.1 percent) than it did 100 years ago. Those who are skeptics of human-induced climate change claim that these natural variations in the sun’s output are to blame for global warming. Experts explain that it is not a coincidence that sunspot activity increases along with global temperatures.  These skeptics further warn that regulation of carbon emissions would negatively affect our economy and what they describe as a “tried-and-true” energy infrastructure.

How can scientists formally conclude which theory is the highest contributing factor to climate change?  Only the absence, or extreme reduction, of carbon emissions would allow researchers to conclusively tell how much impact natural influences have on the Earth’s climate. However, obtaining and enforcing the regulations needed to test these theories would be a difficult task in itself. For now, this leaves the conclusion to this debate unresolved.


Following in Singulair Green’s footsteps, Norweco’s Hydro-Kinetic Bio-Film Reactor was recognized by the Association of Rotational Molders (ARM) at their annual meeting in Denver, Colorado. The Hydro-Kinetic Bio-Film Reactor rotationally molded tank was awarded first place in the Global Large Product Competition. This makes it the second ARM award won by Norweco!

The Hydro-Kinetic Bio-Film Reactor is durable, UV stabilized and made of virgin high density polyethylene to achieve high quality and consistency. Its unique design incorporates our patented internal and external ribbed walls to insure uncompromising structural integrity and long-term performance. The reactor is lightweight, weighing less than 500 pounds, making it easily deliverable in a standard full-size pick-up truck for installation at difficult job sites with just a backhoe. Designed to improve the performance of any onsite wastewater treatment system, the Hydro-Kinetic Bio-Film Reactor‘s innovative attached growth technology begins working immediately upon startup. Completely non-mechanical, the reactor requires no electricity and operates continuously with minimal maintenance.

The Association of Rotational Molders is a worldwide trade association currently representing member companies in 58 countries. Members include manufacturers of rotationally molded plastic products, suppliers to the industry, designers and professionals. ARM is the primary voice of the industry and the source for information on rotational molding.

The Hydro-Kinetic Bio-Film Reactor continues Norweco’s strong tradition of excellence through innovative engineering and demonstrates our ongoing commitment to the development of industry-leading technology.  We are proud to provide award-winning products and successful treatment solutions across the world!  Read more about this year’s award recipients here: http://www.plasticsnews.com/article/20151111/NEWS/151119964/winter-lobo-named-to-rotational-molders-hall-of-fame

  The ladies of Norweco recently sailed off for their annual trip to Rattlesnake Island. It’s a day the women can get out of the office and take advantage of the beautiful summer weather on Lake Erie! Upon landing on the island, they made their way to the Rattlesnake Island Club for refreshing drinks and a delicious lunch. Some took a cool dip in the club’s pool, while others played games such as cornhole and bocce ball.  Many hopped on golf carts to tour the small island, which has a golf course, air strip, private residences and even peacocks! There was also a stop to see a Norweco Modulair system, which ensures that all the island’s wastewater is safely treated.  The relaxing day was made more special this year with it landing on one lady’s 21st birthday. From Bloody Mary’s to frozen daiquiris, what better place to celebrate than Lake Erie’s premier private resort? The ladies returned to the office the following day for business as usual with tan lines to remind them of their island getaway!  


There are more ways to deliver a tank than with a boom truck! When septic tanks failed on a Great Lakes sandbar, a local Singulair Green dealer was called upon to save the day. A cost-effective solution to protect and restore the watershed was needed, and reaching the residences would be no simple task. The Singulair Green proved once again that it can be installed at even the most difficult job sites! Small lots, steep grades, poor soil conditions and even sites that are boat access only won’t hinder the delivery and installation of Singulair Green.

Singulair Green provides superior effluent quality with technology proven in thousands of installations worldwide! Certified by NSF International, it’s a trouble-free answer to domestic wastewater disposal and insures a safe, sanitary environment. For these reasons, Singulair Green is being used to revitalize numerous watersheds throughout North America. The high quality, long-lasting durability of the Singulair Green watertight HDPE tank is unmatched. Paired with its proven treatment process, these systems will insure the preservation and recovery of water quality in the area for years to come. When it comes to delivering, installing and maintaining Singulair Green, it’s always smooth sailing! This makes Singulair Green Today’s Answer for the Protection of Tomorrow’s Environment!

At the Water & Wastewater Equipment, Treatment and Transport Show (WWETT), Cole Publishing interviewed Team Pink member Robin Cassidy.  Norweco, Inc., our Singulair Green wastewater treatment system and our Hydro-Kinetic Bio-Film Reactor were featured in the video.  During the interview Robin discussed the difference between the two products and how they can be used together to meet the most stringent effluent requirements. Robin also sets the record straight that our technology was not stolen from Star Trek, but an original innovation from Norweco.



The final Norweco Model 780 Aerator rolled off of the assembly line bringing an end to the manufacturing process that originated in 1978. The 780 enjoyed a robust life dedicated to the world’s environment.  The 780 traveled extensively, treating wastewater all over the globe making oceans, lakes, rivers and streams safer for all of mankind.  The 780 was a dedicated and dependable aerator, well known in North America and around the world for providing years of trouble-free service to the thousands of Singulair wastewater treatment plants from Anchorage to Key West and Eureka to Boston.  The air it provided enriched the lives of countless nematodes, rotifers and the billions of other micro-organisms that depended on the 780 for their survival.

The 780 had thousands of offspring that carried on its mission.  One of the oldest known is still rotating at age 34. It still resides in Kentucky while under the tender care of the distributor who installed it. The Model 780 aerator outlasted its younger sibling, the Model 93 Aerator, who was discontinued in earlier. It is survived by the tens of thousands of families that benefited from its tireless work, as well as the Models 96 and 206C aerators, who have vowed to carry on its legacy with advanced energy efficient electro-mechanical components. In light of the 780’s departure, Model 96 aerators are eagerly waiting in the wings, ready to be retrofitted in the field to carry on the 780 tradition.

The Singulair treatment system, a lifelong co-worker of the Model 780, noted that “we had worked together in perfect rhythm for decades. The Singulair family of products will proudly carry on the 780s legacy. We’ll remember the 780 fondly and continue to pursue excellence through innovation.”

Great appreciation is felt for the Model 780 and its years of air delivery. It made a lasting impact by ensuring oxygen was evenly distributed in the aeration chamber to help treat wastewater, keeping the environment and countless families safe. Its contributions to the onsite industry will not soon be forgotten!  Expressions of gratitude can be emailed to email@norweco.com.




The time-honored outdoor tradition of hunting began in November with Norweco's annual Deer Hunt.  The average peak of rut for whitetail is around November 13th, making the chances of a harvest high due to the increased activity.  Each year employees get to hunt the 315 acres located at the Norweco Scouthouse.  The hunt is spread over a 3 week period and concludes with the final week of Ohio gun season ending December 7th.

Final score:

2 ducks

4 bucks

4 doe

66 pheasants

And another successful hunting season comes to an end.



Browning Maxus 12 gauge shotgun with 28" barrel, Browning slug barrel and forearm, and Leupold scope.


The Suffolk Times proves that hard work pays off.  Norweco is proud to be one of only four manufacturers selected for Suffolk County's residential demonstration program.  This program was established to provide a solution to the high concentration of nitrogen that has severely impacted their water quality.  Norweco's Singulair Model TNT (Total Nitrogen Treatment) and Hydro-Kinetic systems will be part of the study to restore the health of Long Island's surface waters.  Norweco is honored to provide today's answer for the protection of tomorrow's environment.

To download the article on the campaign to clean up the nitrogen-polluted waters in Long Island please click here.  For the health of your region's water today and for the sake of future generations, contact Norweco at 1-800-NORWECO or email@norweco.com.



Illinois has become the first state in America to ban what most consumers don’t even realize is a problem – microbeads. Governor Pat Quinn signed the legislation effectively banning the sale and manufacturing of products containing the plastic particles in Illinois. Where can these microbeads be found? They are most common in cosmetic products, such as face and body scrubs. The beads are also present in many toothpastes and soaps, replacing biodegradable options like ground nut shells and salt crystals.

But what is the danger in plastic particles that in most cases are barely visible to the naked eye? A number of threats exist, researchers say. The microbeads can discharge hazardous chemicals into the water, and they also absorb harmful substances like oils, heavy metals and PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls, which are industrial products or chemicals).

Microbeads have been found in the oceans all the way to the Arctic. On a local level, they have been found in many U.S. waterways and the Great Lakes – the worse concentration being in Lake Erie. They’re getting there because wastewater treatment plants are not designed to filter them, so they flow right through and into the large bodies of water. There they are mistaken for fish eggs and eaten by the fish and other marine life – which in turn introduces all those dangerous chemicals into our food supply, proving the threat very real.

Illinois has made the first big leap here in the states, and improvement can be seen on the horizon with Ohio and a few other states considering similar bans. Many companies are also working to remove the dangerous plastics from their products.  In the meantime, it’s best to avoid cleansing and cosmetic products that include polyethylene or polystyrene on the ingredients list. For more information about the environmental war on microbeads, check out www.beatthemicrobead.org.



Big Red is at it again! Norweco’s big rig recently attended its second prom, which was for Wellington High School at Vell’s Party Center in Medina. At the wheel was Norweco shop foreman Sean Begley, dropping off his daughter Alanna and her date Alex Brown at the big event. Despite the slight difficulty of getting in and out of the truck in a formal gown, Alanna was beaming. “My daughters all love the truck,” said Sean, “The students have gotten used to the sight of Big Red since it has been used in several events over the past three years, but it always draws the crowd for photo ops!”

Big Red is hard to miss, being the largest production pickup truck in the world. It features a nine foot cab and a 310 horsepower MaxxForce engine, making it versatile enough to carry 6 tons of production equipment or to make a statement out on the town! The passengers Big Red chauffeured that night would definitely tell you it’s better than a limo!

Everyone involved had a great time, and we’re sure Sean didn’t mind getting to keep an eye on his daughter and her date! As always, Big Red stole the show and truly made it a memorable night!




The beginning of what will be “the tallest structure west of the Mississippi River” has already earned a world record. It was awarded for the largest continuous concrete pour, and one of our Singulair distributors was happy to help. Downtown Los Angeles was abuzz after months of preparation at the site of the upcoming Wilshire Grand Center. The 18 foot deep pit was lined with 7 million pounds of reinforcing steel ready to house the concrete foundation. Dubbed the “grand pour,” the event kicked off in the afternoon with a ceremony featuring Mayor Eric Garcetti and California State Assembly Speaker John A. Pereza. Festivities continued with a parade of concrete trucks led by the University of Southern California marching band. Local bars also got involved by concocting a special drink to honor the occasion, which they called “The Longest Pour.”

Uninterrupted pouring began on Saturday and continued 18 ½ hours through Sunday. Guinness World Records adjudicator Michael Empric was there to monitor the feat as it unfolded and called it “amazing.” For this massive project, 21,200 cubic yards of concrete were used, beating the previous record of 21,000 set by the Venetian Hotel in Las Vegas. Far from a simple task, the crews avoided any interruptions with extremely careful planning. The main challenge was routing and preparing for potential detours for the 208 cement mixing trucks.  In the end, the trucks made ten to fourteen trips each, topping out at more than 2,100 trips between the site and eight different concrete plants located within a 20-mile radius. Timing was important for the 82 million pounds of concrete needed for the foundation. After being mixed, the concrete had to be poured within 90 minutes and cooled, or else the thermal effects would have caused it to crack. The single consecutive pouring actually saved time and money, proving more efficient than the standard method of pouring in stages.

With the pour successfully completed and the concrete cured, developers will continue to move forward with this historic undertaking. The Wilshire Grand Center is replacing the Wilshire Grand Hotel, which was built in 1950 and opened as the Hotel Statler in 1952. It quickly became a local landmark and attracted famous guests, most notably President John F. Kennedy and Pope John Paul II. Deconstruction of the building took over a year to make way for a new icon to revitalize the area. The 73 story Wilshire Grand Center will cost an estimated $1 billion before its completion. The 1,100 foot high structure will have many features, among them, a 900 room hotel, convention space, outdoor terrace, five levels of underground parking, a pool on the 73rd floor, as well as retail and office spaces. The tower will change the skyline of Los Angeles as the newest skyscraper in 20 years, the tallest building in the city, and the tallest on the West Coast.

Congratulations to our distributor for their part in this amazing historic achievement, and best of luck to everyone involved in this extensive project as it continues to unfold and reshape the City of Angels.



Dramatic temperature change is no longer an imminent threat, but one that is already upon us.  The following AP article published in the Shelby Globe addresses this rapid escalation which poses a threat to humans, animals, and plants alike as researchers monitor the shifts and scramble to predict them.

Washington (AP) - Hard-to-predict sudden changes to Earth's environment are more worrisome than climate change's bigger but more gradual impacts, a panel of scientists advising the federal government concluded Tuesday.

The 200-page report by the National Academy of Sciences looked at warming problems that can occur in years instead of centuries. The report repeatedly warns of potential "tipping points" where the climate passes thresholds, beyond which "major and rapid changes occur." And some of these quick changes are happening now, said study chairman James White of the University of Colorado.

The report says abrupt changes like melting ice in the Arctic Ocean and mass species extinctions have already started and are worse than predicted. It says thousands of species are changing their ranges, seasonal patterns or in some cases are going extinct because of human-caused climate change. Species in danger include some coral; pika, a rabbit like creature; the Hawaiian silversword plant and polar bears.

At the bottom of the world in Antarctica, the melting ice in the west could be more of a wild card than originally thought. If the massive ice sheet melts it may happen relatively rapidly and could raise world sea levels by 13 feet, but researchers aren't certain how soon that may occur.

However, the report had what researchers called "good news." It said two other abrupt climate threats that worried researchers likely won't be so sudden, giving people more time to prepare and adapt. Those two less-imminent threats are giant burps of undersea and frozen methane, a super-potent greenhouse gas, and the slowing of deep ocean currents. That slowdown is a scenario that would oddly lead to dramatic coastal cooling and was featured in the movie "The Day After Tomorrow."

Study co-author Richard Alley of Pennsylvania State University compared the threat of abrupt climate change effects to the random danger of drunk drivers.

"You can't see it coming, so you can't prepare for it. The faster it is, the less you see it coming, the more it costs," Alley told The Associated Press. "If you see the drunk driver coming, you can get out of the way."

The scientists said the issue of sudden changes is full of uncertainties, so the world can better prepare by monitoring places like Antarctic and Greenland ice sheets more. But because of budget cuts and aging satellites, researchers have fewer measurements of these crucial indicators than they did a few years ago and will have even fewer in upcoming years, study co-author Steven Wofsy of Harvard University said.

The panel called on the government to create an early warning system.

"The time is here to be serious about the threat of tipping points so as to better anticipate and prepare ourselves for the inevitable surprises," said the report by the research arm of the federal government, which enlists independent scientists to look at major issues.

Donald Wuebbles, a University of Illinois climate scientist who wasn't part of the academy study, called it important, especially the call for better warning systems. However, outside scientist Michael Mann of Penn State said he doesn't see the need for a new warning system.

"The warning is already there, loud and clear," Mann said in an email. "The changes we are seeing in the Arctic are unprecedented in thousands of years, and they are already having a catastrophic impact on human civilizations, animals, and ecosystems there."

The original AP article can be found in its entirety here: http://bigstory.ap.org/article/federal-study-warns-sudden-climate-change-woes.



Nitrogen, which is plentiful in wastewater, is dangerous when left untreated.  It is toxic towards aquatic life, can become a public health hazard, and make wastewater reuse difficult.  The excerpts below from an American Liquid Waste Magazine article summarize the U.S. EPA's newest efforts to combat the problem and unite the states under one set of regulatory guidelines in treating wastewater.

The EPA issued a model program for onsite management in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed.  This guidance document is expected to become the template the EPA uses for other impaired watersheds.  "They have said in effect, that they will use this to apply TMDL for other impaired waters around the country," says Eric Casey, executive director for the National Onsite Wastewater Recycling Association.  "Think Gulf of Mexico, Florida Keys, Puget Sound - just about any wetland area and the perimeter of the country. There are also several freshwater lakes that may be targeted, such as the Great Lakes."

The document states it was developed to help other states develop and implement a model program for managing onsite systems with the goal of minimizing nitrogen impact to the Chesapeake Bay.  "This model program reflects...the latest research and recommendations on the reduction of nitrogen pollution using different onsite system technologies.  Whether and to what extent a state or local government chooses to implement the recommendations contained in this document is a decision that is ultimately left up to the state or local government."

"The EPA doesn't have direct authority over onsite - it's still regulated at the state level," says Casey.  "We all want to protect our waters and feel that this is a positive step and portions of this document are particularly good."

"A whole set of technologies will need to be introduced to get those nitrogen levels down," says Casey.  "Any major technology has to get approved in all 50 states, costing hundreds of thousands of dollars to get approved because each state requires different data.  It is a very difficult process for a manufacturer to go through, which stifles innovation.  It gives manufacturers less of an incentive to develop new technologies when they know how hard they will have to work to get through the process."

"There needs to be more trust between the states.  Right now, one state requires two years worth of testing while another state will require more testing or different sets of tests.  All segments of the industry would be better served if the states would approve a standard.  Everyone would benefit if technology had an easier path to industry.  It would result in fewer costs, less expensive equipment, increased public health and would be better for the environment."

"Again, the EPA isn't mandating anything and it isn't binding.  However, everything has to start somewhere, and we hope that this will open up dialogue between states to make this easier."

This will be a big topic of discussion at NOWRA's conference in November where they will have a panel discussion on technology reciprocity.  "Everyone, even the regulators, recognizes that this would be good to do," says Casey.

"This will impact every sector in the industry," says Casey.  "It's a pretty sweeping document and sets the standards on what technologies are approved.  More people are going to need to be educated and training standards will need to be upgraded.  Installers will have to know that they are following proper procedures; regulators will be interpreting rules in each county."

"The big takeaway in this is that whether you are a pumper, installer, designer or engineer, it's really important that you keep up with the latest technologies that are out there.  There are fewer and fewer places where you find simple installations.  Most of the space for those is already gone.  The overall trend is toward more regulations and rigid standards for the performance of onsite systems.  The knowledge of anyone from 10-15 years ago is now out-of-date.  You have to stay up with what is going on.  Water quality standards are getting tougher to meet, and you need to know more to employ those effectively.  If you haven't been to a class in 15-20 years, you will be shut out of business.  The need to keep skills up is more important than ever."

The complete article can be located at: http://www.americanliquidwaste.com/2013/08/main_articles/u-s-environmental-protection-agency-produces-model-program/.

Uniting under one set of standards would save on costs, thus encouraging innovation in the industry, allowing for better solutions to protect our water supply as well as those who depend on it.



Maintenance professionals in charge of sanitary sewer systems are struggling with blocked sewer lines and equipment malfunctions believed to be caused by new products represented as "flushable."  The excerpts below from USA Today summarize the issue and the debate between representatives of the wastewater industry and product manufacturers.

ST. CLOUD, Minn. -- They are touted as disposable and even flushable, but disinfecting wipes are causing headaches for operators of city sewer systems. The products appeal to consumers in part because of manufacturers' claims that they can be conveniently flushed down the toilet. But their cloth-like material doesn't break down in the sanitary sewer system like toilet paper and can block sewer lines, clog equipment and increase cities' maintenance and repair costs. 

Public works managers say the problem has worsened in recent years because more such products are available on the market and consumer demand for antibacterial products is growing. Companies such as Cottonelle and Charmin have heavily promoted bathroom wipes, while some cleaning product manufacturers have advertised sponges that can be disposed of in the toilet.

"It's getting to be more and more of a problem," says Marty Sunderman, superintendent for the city of Sauk Centre, Minn. This spring, the city had to hire a contractor to vacuum out a lift station to remove a truckload of cloth material. "Ideally, what we'd like to see flushed down the system is just toilet paper," Sunderman says. "When you put these type of rags down there, they don't come apart. They just stay with it all the way to the pumps."

The same problem is happening "all over the country," says Cynthia Finley, director of regulatory affairs for the National Association of Clean Water Agencies (NACWA).  "Consumers are being told by the packaging that these things are flushable," Finley says. Although the material might make it through the toilet and the pipes leading away from the house, they tend to clog up once in the sewer system, she says. "That can cause huge headaches for the utilities," Finley says.

A spokesman for Kimberly-Clark, which makes Cottonelle flushable cleansing cloths, says the product is designed to be flushed. They undergo extensive testing to ensure they are compatible with home and city sewer systems, Bob Brand said in an e-mail. However, Consumer Reports tested several brands of wipes labeled flushable and found that while toilet paper disintegrated after about eight seconds, the wipes still hadn't broken down after 30 minutes.

The Association of the Nonwoven Fabrics Industry says its products aren't the problem. Researchers have collected and analyzed materials from wastewater pumps and found that most aren't items labeled flushable, but are baby wipes, hard-surface wipes or other non-flushable items, spokesman Phil Pitt says. The association is developing flushability guidelines and a "Do Not Flush" logo for products, Pitt said. NACWA is trying to educate the public and encourage companies to change their marketing. Most utilities want the "flushable" label removed from packaging, Finley says. On some products such as baby wipes that carry a warning not to flush them, utilities want the message featured more prominently.

However, progress is slow because the standards are voluntary, Finley says. Some cities have begun putting a notice in newsletters that are mailed to residents along with their water bill, advising them to avoid flushing those items. Pat Shea, public services director in St. Cloud, Minn., says many residents aren't even aware of the issue. "They just think once it's out the door, it's fine," Shea says. "It's usually just a matter of education. People don't know it's causing problems."

The complete USA Today article can be located at: http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2013/07/16/wipes-pollution/2522919/n/2522919/.

The problems described above are exacerbated with an onsite wastewater treatment system. Increasing public awareness of the consequences of flushing these products can help to minimize maintenance expenses and environmental threats. Onsite wastewater professionals should support any effort to educate the public on environmental issues such as these.



The Biggest Loser airing on NBC has inspired many Americans throughout the country to lose weight.  For thirteen seasons, the competitors have raced to the finish line to lose the highest percentage of weight and gain the grand prize of $250,000.  Not only has this show helped their contestants but it also has inspired a resort in New York to help their guests make healthy decisions, exercise and lose weight. 

The Beaver Hollow Conference Center was once a retreat for Bethlehem Steel Corporation employees. The resort has now acquired the concept of the Biggest Loser TV show and it is open to anyone who wants to visit for a great fitness and weight loss experience.  This new concept was brought to the resort by Fitness Ridge Worldwide, Reveille LLC and NBC Universal Television Consumer Products.  The resort has received a new look itself. They have added 30 new rooms, an advanced workout center, Olympic size pool and much more. 

Norweco was approached to help remove the chlorine residual from the center’s Biggest Loser pool when it is being back flushed.  We, of course, were excited to assist with this project!  We suggested using our dechlorination unit, the Tri-Max tablet feeder, along with Norweco’s Bio-Max dechlorination tablets.  This stainless steel tablet feeder is manufactured by Norweco as a durable and transportable dechlorination unit.  It can be used for permanent or temporary applications and installations.  In addition to being used to dechlorinate swimming pools, it can be used for wastewater and potable water discharge, stormwater, municipal reservoirs, cooling towers and back flushing fire hydrants. The unit is designed to handle flows up to 275 gallons per minute and can effectively remove up to 50 ppm chlorine to non-detectable levels.  The Tri-Max tablet feeder is engineered to combine excellent performance with portable convenience and operational ease. 

Dechlorination applications are becoming more common throughout the United States.  When back flushing swimming pools or fire hydrants, it’s important to make sure that the chlorine residual is removed before the water reaches the stormwater drains.  If the chlorine residual is not removed, it could be harmful to the aquatic life living in the area.  The storm sewers eventually discharge to major bodies of water, wetlands, rivers, lakes and ponds.  Due to this growing issue, there have been regulations put in place for discharging swimming pool water as well as flows discharged from fire hydrants.  To process the swimming pool water there are two options available. One option is allowing natural dechlorination from the sun to take place.  This means letting the pool set for days untreated to allow the sunlight to dissipate the chlorine in the water, which would take longer than desired.  A more efficient way to dechlorinate pool water would be to use Norweco’s Bio-Max dechlorination tablets. Dechlorination with Norweco’s Bio-Max tablets is an instantaneous process that allows swimming pool water to be discharged in a quick and safe manner with no chlorine residual.

Norweco is pleased to announce that the operators of this new facility, at the Biggest Loser resort, will be utilizing our Tri-Max tablet feeder dechlorination system and Bio-Max dechlorination tablets when back flushing the pool.  If you have a need for wastewater or water treatment equipment, please visit our products’ webpage at www.norweco.com or if you would like to learn more about the resort, you can find additional information at http://www.biggestloserresort.com/niagara-ny-weight-loss-resort/about-the-resort.



Norweco’s Singulair Green tank was recently honored by the Association of Rotational Molders (ARM) at their annual meeting in Minneapolis, Minnesota. We are very pleased to announce that the Singulair Green rotationally molded tank took first place in the global Large Product competition. ARM International recognized those companies who have entered products that are outstanding in the field of rotational molding. Products entered in the competition needed to demonstrate the following characteristics: a significant new use of plastics, design ingenuity, cost effectiveness, performance improvements, manufacturing economies and energy savings. This recognition represents ARM International's commitment to the quality of rotational molding and furthers its goal of fostering public awareness of design applications and rotational molding capabilities.

The Association of Rotational Molders (ARM) is a worldwide trade association currently representing over 200 member companies in 58 countries around the world. The Association has been in existence for almost 40 years and includes manufacturers of rotationally molded plastic products, suppliers to the industry, designers, and professionals.

The rugged, yet lightweight Singulair Green polyethylene tank incorporates an inherently strong ribbed-arch design to maximize strength and versatility, while at the same time minimizing the equipment needed for proper installation. The rotationally molded tank houses the proprietary Singulair treatment process, and can easily be installed at depths of 6 to 36 inches below grade. The Singulair treatment process is time-tested, field-proven and has been successfully utilized in hundreds of thousands of wastewater treatment applications. Singulair Green continues Norweco’s strong tradition of excellence by providing successful treatment solutions across North America and much of the world.   We are proud to have been selected as one of the products designated as outstanding in the field of rotational molding. ARM’s recognition of the system’s tank design and durability demonstrates Norweco’s ongoing commitment to the development of industry-leading products.

Detailed information on Singulair Green along with a full list of our engineered products can be found at www.norweco.com or by contacting us at 1-800-NORWECO.  www.norweco.com .


Big Red Goes to Prom

Big Red, Norweco’s company big rig, made an appearance at this year’s Clyde High School junior prom. In an attempt to impress his date, Tyler Missler kept the identity of the mystery prom vehicle a secret from his girlfriend Holly Stohl until the big day. It is a Clyde High School tradition for students to vie for the most memorable prom vehicle. Despite some worthy competition, horse drawn carriages and stretch Hummers have nothing on Big Red! Whether hauling six tons of production material or a couple of teenagers to prom, Big Red commands attention. The distinctive red truck boasts a nine foot cab, a 310 horsepower MaxxForce engine and is the largest production pickup truck in the world.  

Clyde’s prom was held at Kalahari (an indoor water park in Sandusky, OH), so Big Red not only got attention from the other students, parents and teachers, the truck created a considerable stir with the valet staff.

Holly said, “Big Red topped it all. When we first pulled in, everyone’s faces were shocked. The valet guys at Kalahari were all fighting over who got to drive it.” Unfortunately, the valet drivers were disappointed to learn that Big Red’s chauffer for the night, Jimmy Starr, wouldn’t give up the driver’s seat.

As expected, it took some effort getting the girls in and out of the cab in formal wear and high heels. Still, Big Red proved capable of providing the romantic ambiance one would expect from being escorted to prom in a massive red pickup truck. Holly described the experience as really “awesome” and “a lot of fun.” Big Red’s prom debut was a big success, a day Clyde High School will never forget.



International Action’s Use of Norweco Chlorinators

Recognized by Clinton Global Initiative


The Clinton Global Initiative presented an award to International Action for their work in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. The Clean Water Campaign, administered by International Action, is a non-governmental group (NGO) working around the world providing clean drinking water by utilizing Norweco chlorinators and locally sourced chlorine tablets. Former President Bill Clinton described the Norweco-designed process as the first chlorination system intended for cities in poor countries. 

Andrew Weiss, International Action Board Member, was present to accept the Certificate of Recognition from Clinton during the Fifth Annual Meeting of the Clinton Global Initiative in New York. “It’s a great success,” said Weiss. Leaders from other key NGO’s joined Weiss and Clinton in the spotlight. International Action was proud to be in this group because most are far larger and more experienced in Haiti. “Clearly, our chlorinator is a stunning new solution to the clean water problem,” stated Lindsay Mattison, Executive Director of International Action. The recognition attained has brought more attention and requests for assistance with implementation.

In Port-au-Prince alone, there are 150 water systems utilizing Norweco chlorinators to provide clean water to 400,000 residents. The systems are the ideal application because they are “simple enough to be run by local groups and sophisticated enough to clean the water for 10,000 users,” said Weiss. Simple test kits allow the operator to measure how much chlorine is dissolved and  regulate the flow. The use of Norweco chlorinators will continue to expand as more charities learn about the Norweco technology and the success it has had in reducing death and illness in the most remote third world countries.

ChinaAt the invitation of the Chinese Poverty Reduction Agency, International Action recently began installing chlorinators in the Province of Shaanxi. Pictured to the left are some of the 30 new apartment buildings for 2,500 villagers that will take water from the systems. “The scale of the water problem in China is simply astonishing to us,” proclaimed Mattison. “In Shaanxi Province there are 13,000 water systems and 36,000,000 residents. And, Shaanxi is among the smaller and least populated of the 22 Chinese provinces. Eight hundred million people are at risk.”  Africa

In addition, representatives from International Action visited the Institute in Gansu, China, which trains foreigners in water technology. The Norweco chlorinators will become a part of the curriculum in Gansu, opening doors in many countries. International Action is committed to doing everything in their power to extend the use of the Norweco technology to improve public health conditions for countries in need.

Another NGO utilizing the Norweco technology is Engineers Without Borders. The Model LF2000 tablet feeder is in use in Ghana, a village in Africa, for chlorination of potable water. Engineers Without Borders collaborates with developing communities worldwide in order to improve the quality of life. Few investments can make such a major difference in the health and lives of so many people.



Now Available

Texas “Double Gun” Tool Kaddy 

Texas Tool KaddyNorweco Customer Service Manager Bob Fletcher was in Lakeway, Texas assisting local Singulair distributor Eco-Safe and their service technician, Sherman Wipff, checking systems in a gated community. Homes in this development range from 2,500 to 8,000 square feet, many of which sell for more than a million dollars. At his first service call, he and Sherman were approached by an officer, carrying a shotgun, and learned that a search was in progress for two men who had attempted to rob Cristiani’s Jewelry store. A third suspect had been apprehended near the scene by an off-duty police officer.  

Department of Public Safety and Starflight choppers 100 feet above aided officers on the ground as they searched the wooded area surrounding this development. A reverse 911 call was placed to 500 residents with a warning to “lock your doors.” Surprisingly undaunted by the commotion surrounding them, Bob and Sherman diligently continued their work. Only minutes went by before the officer returned and asked, “Do you have a gun in your truck? If so, you might want to put it in your pocket.” The Tool Kaddy was packed with essentials, but no gun. Bob’s level of alarm was heightened by this point and he picked up the pace of his work.

Given the situation, we wonder why Bob and Sherman did not just flee the area. Were they perhaps being held there against their will? That was exactly the suspicion of the officer who returned for a third time to question them. Based on the officer’s concern, Bob and Sherman dropped their tools and took cover.

Realizing they needed their tools for work at other homes, Bob and Sherman returned an hour later to retrieve their tools. The area was saturated with armed officers in bulletproof vests. Helicopters still circled overhead. Given the go-ahead to proceed, it was with haste that the fearless duo ran from their vehicle to collect their belongings. The manhunt continued until the suspects were captured. A witness reported seeing them enter a dumpster less than one-half mile from where Bob and Sherman were working. Police used a K-9 unit to surround the dumpster and both suspects were taken into custody without incident.

Innovation has made Norweco a leader in our industry. This time, innovation means safety. Designed as a result of this real-life, risky adventure, the Texas “Double Gun” Tool Kaddy comes complete with a pair of 300 Weatherby rifles for a small additional charge. Bob says, “Don’t get caught with your guard down.” Are you armed for the job?




The Environmental Protection Agency has taken the first step on the long road to regulating greenhouse gases under the Clean Air Act.

Politicians and the public, business and industry will have to weigh in along the way, but for now a proposed finding by the EPA that global warming is a threat to public health and welfare is under White House review.


The threat declaration would be the first step to regulating carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases under the Clean Air Act and could have broad economic and environmental ramifications. It also would probably spur action by Congress to address climate change more broadly.


The White House acknowledged that the EPA had transmitted its proposed finding on global warming to the Office of Management and Budget, but provided no details. It also cautioned that the Obama administration, which sees responding to climate change a top priority, nevertheless is ready to move cautiously when it comes to actually regulating greenhouse gases, preferring to have Congress act on the matter.


The Supreme Court earlier directed the EPA to decide whether greenhouse gases, especially carbon dioxide from burning fossil fuels, pose a threat to public health and welfare because they are warming the earth. If such a finding is made, these emissions are required to be regulated under the Clean Air Act, the court said.


"I think this is just the step in that process," said White House Press Secretary Robert Gibbs, noting the Supreme Court ruling. Another White House official, speaking anonymously in deference to Gibbs, predicted "a long process" before any rules would be expected to be issued on heat-trapping emissions.


But several congressional officials, also speaking on condition of anonymity because the draft declaration had not been made public -- said the transmission makes clear the EPA is moving to declare carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases a danger to public health and welfare and views them as ripe for regulation under the Clean Air Act.


Such a finding "will officially end the era of denial on global warming," said Rep. Ed Markey, D-Mass., whose Energy and Commerce subcommittee is crafting global warming legislation. He said such an endangerment finding is long overdue because of the Bush administration's refusal to address the issue.


The EPA action "signals that the days of ignoring this pressing issue are over," said Sen. Barbara Boxer, D-Calif., whose Senate committee is working on a climate bill.


Many business leaders argue -- as did President George W. Bush -- that the Clean Air Act is ill-suited to deal with climate change and that regulating carbon dioxide would hamstring economic growth.


"It will require a huge cascade of (new clean air) permits" and halt a wide array of projects, from building coal plants to highway construction, including many at the heart of President Barack Obama's economic recovery plan, said Bill Kovacs, a vice president for environmental and technology issues at the U.S. Chamber of Commerce.


Abigail Dillen, an attorney for the environmental advocacy group Earthjustice, which is involved in a number of lawsuits challenging permits for new coal plants, dismissed the dire economic warnings from business groups about carbon dioxide regulation.


"It's to their interest to say the sky is falling, but it's not," she said. "The truth is we've never had to sacrifice air quality to maintain a healthy economy. The EPA has discretion to do this in a reasonable way."


An internal EPA planning document that surfaced suggests the agency would develop a final endangerment finding. But officials have made clear actual regulations are unlikely to come immediately and would involve a lengthy process with public comment.


Gibbs, when asked about the EPA document, emphasized that "the president has made quite clear" that he prefers to have the climate issue addressed by Congress as part of a broad, mandatory limit on heat-trapping emissions.


But environmentalists said the significance of moving forward with the long-delayed endangerment issue should not be understated.


"This is historic news," said Frank O'Donnell, who heads Clean Air Watch, an advocacy group. "It will set the stage for the first-ever national limits on global warming pollution and is likely to help light a fire under Congress to get moving."


NAT receives ANSI accreditation


North American Testing, LLC (NAT) received accreditation from the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) as a test facility and certification body. This accreditation allows North American Testing to evaluate the performance of wastewater treatment products against internationally recognized standards and certify the results. As a part of the process, the NAT laboratory was also accredited to ISO Standard 17025. These accreditations were earned by developing and adhering to strict operating procedures, making NAT one of only three organizations in the United States to achieve this designation.


NAT began operations in 2006 as a test facility that specializes in onsite and decentralized wastewater applications. The mission of NAT is to become the premier testing and certification organization for the decentralized wastewater treatment industry. Their test facility in Norwalk, Ohio evaluates products using both simulated and real-world conditions. NAT personnel sample the treatment systems for various parameters and conduct the desired laboratory analysis. Upon satisfactory completion of a test protocol, NAT issues a final report to document product certification. The final report displays both the ANSI and NAT trademarks as a demonstration to purchasers and regulators that the product meets industry standards.


ANSI was formed in 1918 to establish an impartial national body to coordinate standards development, approve national consensus standards, and halt user confusion on acceptability. ANSI helped form the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in 1926 and is still the United States representative to this day. ANSI’s mission is “to enhance both the global competitiveness of U.S. business and the U.S. quality of life by promoting and facilitating voluntary consensus standards and conformity assessment systems, and safeguarding their integrity.”


For more information about North American Testing, call (419) 668-1895 or visit www.northamericantesting.org.



Sewage spills foul San Francisco Bay over and over


Over 890,000 gallons of raw sewage and stormwater spilled into San Francisco Bay from an overloaded World War II-era treatment plant. Five days earlier, a ruptured pipe released 400,000 gallons of filth into the bay.  And those were just the big spills the public heard about.  On average, human waste spills into the San Francisco Bay more than five times a day, fouling the waters and shorelines of this environmental jewel and recreational treasure.


Decrepit pipes, outdated municipal sewage treatment systems and poor upkeep have been blamed for many of the spills into one the world's most famous and beautiful natural harbors. And some of the Bay Area's wealthiest communities have been identified as some of the most persistent polluters.  "It's like living in a situation sort of like a Third World country, where there's poor sanitary management," said Sejal Choksi of the environmental group San Francisco Baykeeper.


Some spills have been blamed not only for killing large numbers of fish but for causing respiratory infections, skin and eye irritation and diarrhea in swimmers. Signs warning against water contact are a common sight at beaches and marinas for those who swim, fish or sailboard in the bay, especially after storms.  Rick Avery, of the Dolphin Swimming & Boating Club in San Francisco, said two of his bay swimming companions decided to stay out of the water after the 400,000-gallon spill. Avery said he once became sick from swimming after a storm, when sewage systems often are overloaded. He had a stuffy nose and other cold symptoms.  "The water was so dirty that day, and we still swam," Avery said. "That was the only time that I got sick and handful of other people got sick."


More than 2,000 spills dumped an estimated 15 million gallons of raw or partially treated human waste into the waters of the bay, state officials said.  On Sunday and Monday, the east San Francisco Bay city of Richmond's more than half-century-old sewage system was overloaded by rain and spewed 890,000 gallons of filth mixed with rainwater. Officials said the system's deteriorating, leaky clay pipes cannot handle the extra load after a storm.  A 23-year-old pipe ruptured along the shoreline of Sausalito in well-to-do Marin County and sent a 400,000-gallon plume of waste into the bay, forcing health warnings on nearby beaches for more than a week and the closing of a fishing pier. Officials blamed shoddy workmanship and corrosion.  "A number of California jurisdictions have let their infrastructure age beyond the breaking point," said William L. Rukeyser, a state water board spokesman.


A 2.5-million-gallon sewage spill in Marin County led to fines by the state and federal government and beach closings north of the Golden Gate Bridge. Regulators accused the Sewerage Agency of Southern Marin of holding on to almost $550,000 that could have been used for maintenance for preventing such spills.  The Environmental Protection Agency ordered the East Bay Municipal Utility District - which provides sewer service to about 10 cities, including hardscrabble Oakland, wealthy Walnut Creek, the environmentally conscious college town of Berkeley, and middle-class Hayward - to spend $2 million a year to fix leaky pipes that were allowing sewage to flow into the bay.


The EPA released $283 million in economic stimulus money earmarked for sewage system upgrades in California. But that is only a fraction of the needed repairs. San Jose alone has a sewage treatment plant that is more than 50 years old, and a $1 billion, 10-year plan to fix it.  "The sewer lines in the ground are indeed old. In San Francisco, it's over 100 years old," said Bruce Wolfe, executive officer for the San Francisco Bay Regional Water Quality Control Board. "There's a lot of effort that goes into maintenance, but one can only put enough Band-Aids on something for a time. At some point you've got to do a full remodel."





The pursuit for maximum recycling of materials has reached a new high in the current economic situation – or perhaps a new low: Resource-poor Japan just discovered a new source of mineral wealth – sewage.


A sewage treatment facility in the city of Suwa, Japan has recorded a higher gold yield from sludge than can be found at some of the world's best mines. The high percentage of gold discovered at the facility was most likely due to the large number of precision equipment manufacturers in the area that use the yellow metal. Suwa recently recorded finding 4.2 pounds of gold per ton of ash from incinerated sludge. That is a far higher gold content than Japan's Hishikari Mine, one of the world's top gold mines, which contains approximately an ounce of the precious metal per ton of ore.


The operation started based on research, which found that the concentration of gold in the ash was comparable to high-grade ore. At the time, the idea of mining this gold was discarded because the method to extract the precious metal, compared to the potential benefit, was too expensive. That changed when the crisis hit the financial markets and the price of gold skyrocketed.


Then, Suwa sold 1.4 tons of ash to a smelting company that is going to pay $55,810 for the gold they recover. Suwa expects to earn about $167,000 more by the end of first quarter. "How much we actually receive will depend on gold prices at the time," the official said. Some gold industry officials expect prices this year to exceed the all-time high of $1,030 per ounce.


This Japanese treatment facility is not alone in this type of resourcefulness. Jewelry factories near Daluotang, China are discovering gold and silver fillings in their septic tanks. The particles either are washed off workers’ hands and faces or have been ingested accidentally. Processors are paid to sift, pan and finally recycle the contents of the tanks. “The factories watch over the gold powder produced at each stage of their processing,” one man said. “Once, I was carrying some waste water for a boss here, I spilled a little and he began to shout at me for the waste.”


We can only expect similar ingenious processes to keep popping up across the world as we get deeper and deeper into the economic sludge, pun intended.





Not to be shown up by the Hooters Girls, the women of Norweco proved themselves picture perfect at Norweco’s Company Picnic. With the picnic’s theme of Tailgate MMVIII, the Service Pro "Big Red" service truck, was the ideal backdrop for this spicy photo. Despite the existence of excellent food, plentiful drinks and the opportunity to win great prizes, the picnic came to a dead halt as the women of Norweco climbed aboard Big Red. Some might say it was a concern for their safety, but the ladies had plenty of offers for a “boost” or a hand to strike their poses. Once again Big Red was in the right place at the right time.


Big Red once drew the attention of the staff at the Waco, Texas Hooters restaurant, famous for hot wings and “hot” girls. Although not as legendary as the Hooters Girls, the women of Norweco showed that they were up to the challenge. Surrounded by women or not, Big Red is unquestionably an attention getter. The International Truck and Engine Corporation Model CXT has attracted interest around the country. Whether it’s the 310 horsepower MaxxForce engine, six tons of hauling power, or the hope that there are women tucked inside, no one overlooks Big Red.






The hot topic of global warming has become very commonplace in news reports, political debates and scientific research. Could there be a more universally relevant and concerning topic? After 20 years of warning America about global warming, Dr. James E. Hansen, a top NASA scientist, told Congress the situation has gotten so bad that the world’s only hope is drastic action. Man-made greenhouse gases, flowing into the atmosphere and oceans at an unprecedented rate, are leading to large climatic events, rising sea levels and other marked ecological changes.


Risk of species extinction, ecosystem collapse, flooding and droughts are present. Significant changes to the amount and pattern of precipitation, which affect agricultural yields, will devastate many areas. As many as 50 million additional people could face hunger by 2020. Rain dependent crops in Africa would be cut in half in the next 12 years. Between 120 million and 1.2 billion people in Asia will continue to experience some water stress. The most significant impact for the U.S. will result from climate-driven effects on many other countries and an increase in illegal immigration. These circumstances will have the potential to seriously affect U.S. national security interests. “Climate change will provide the conditions that will extend the war on terror,” stated Adm. T. Joseph Lopez, who commanded U.S. and allied peacekeeping forces in Bosnia.


Global warming is indicated by the increase in average measured temperatures of the Earth’s near-surface air and oceans. The year of Dr. Hansen’s original testimony, the world’s hottest year on record was experienced. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 14 years have been hotter since. The increase in temperature is caused by the concentration of man-made greenhouse gases. Carbon dioxide, produced when fossil fuels such as oil and natural gas are burned, is the most dominant of greenhouse gas emissions. Dr. Hansen, who is also the director of the Goddard Institute of Space Sciences, reports that the Earth’s atmosphere has to get back to a level of 350 parts per million carbon dioxide. In May, it was 10 percent higher reaching 386.7 parts per million. Hansen stated, “We’re toast if we don’t get on a very different path.”


The effects of global warming can still be curtailed. To cut emissions, Hansen said coal-fired power plants that don’t capture carbon dioxide emissions should be eliminated. Government bodies have set caps on industry and vehicle emissions. The search for alternative fuel sources and a greater interest in green initiatives continues. Protecting our nation’s water supply by utilizing products that provide the most desirable results, reducing pollution in problem areas and working with the regulatory community to achieve reasonable and enforceable limits and standards are all ways that Norweco is helping in this effort. Norweco water and wastewater treatment products employ non-mechanical and low-power consumption technologies to conserve energy. Ancillary products, such as Norweco Drip Irrigation systems promote water conservation through subsurface reuse and our disinfection systems provide environmentally friendly pathogen reduction. “We see a tipping point occurring right before our eyes,” Hansen told the AP. Now is the time to act to prevent irreversible consequences.



aging Municipal Sewers a Danger


Years of fines and penalties have done little to stop the flow of human waste into U.S. waters, according to a recent report by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  “Waste gurgles from manholes and gushes down streams and rivers somewhere in the USA almost every day.”


In the first quarter alone, a damaged pipe spilled 700,000 to 1.3 million gallons of raw sewage and other waste into Grand Lagoon at Panama City Beach, FL and about 20 million gallons of sewage flowed into Pennsylvania's Schuylkill River after a 42-inch pipe ruptured near Reading.  Heavy rain, deteriorating pipes and operator error sent nearly 5 million gallons of sewage into Northern California's Richardson and San Francisco Bays.


The main culprits for these overflows are the aging combined sewer systems built by cities throughout the late 19th and early 20th centuries along with the 1.2 million miles of sewers leading from homes and businesses to the wastewater plants.  “When people flush their toilet they think the sewage is going to the treatment plant,” according to Nancy Stoner of the Natural Resources Defense Council.  “The government isn’t doing enough.”


With lawsuits pressuring local governments, billions of dollars are slated for complex and costly modernization projects expected to take generations to complete.  Ratepayers are being asked to foot much of the bill and sewer rates are already increasing in many of our major cities.


Currently there is legislation before Congress that would require sewer authorities to notify the public of overflows and spills.  While this legislation, if passed, is not a solution to the problem it will reduce the number of people who get sick from even casual contact with the sewer overflows.  Continued effort is required to address this situation.  Decentralized systems, such as those manufactured by Norweco, will continue to play an increasing role in protecting public health and the environment.





Following at least 10 attacks in Iraq involving explosives attached to liquid chlorine canisters and the listing of liquid chlorine as a Chemical of Concern by the United States government, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and police are stressing the importance of chlorine vendors verifying the legitimacy of their customers before accepting orders or shipping product.  This warning to vendors is in addition to DHS’s earlier requirement that facilities which use or store liquid chlorine register with DHS for a mandatory on-site inspection and risk assessment.

As concern mounts over the transport, storage and use of hazardous chemicals, such as liquid chlorine for disinfection and sulfur dioxide gas for dechlorination, several sewer districts have installed Norweco tablet chlorination and dechlorination systems.  Norweco tablet technologies do not employ hazardous liquids or gas and are exempt from all current and pending Department of Homeland Security reporting and inspection requirements.

The relevant excerpt from the DHS report is as follows:

The Associated Press reports undercover New York City police secretly set up a fake company to demonstrate how easily and anonymously a terrorist could purchase chlorine on the Internet for a deadly chemical strike against the city. There has been no specific terror threat against the city involving chemicals, but New York City police recently put more emphasis on screening shipments of chlorine after learning that it has become a favored component of homemade bombs in Iraq.

Associated Press – (New York) NYC police carry out fake chlorine deal to demonstrate terror risk. Undercover police secretly set up a fake company to demonstrate how easily and anonymously a terrorist could purchase chlorine on the Internet for a deadly chemical strike against the city. A videotape – prepared for a briefing Wednesday of private security executives – discloses for the first time the results of the operation. There has been no specific terror threat against the city involving chemicals, but New York City police recently put more emphasis on screening shipments of chlorine after learning that it has become a favored component of homemade bombs in Iraq. Chlorine typically is used as a disinfectant or purifier and as an ingredient in plastics and other products. While routinely transported in liquid form, it can turn into a deadly toxic gas when exposed to air. In remarks prepared for the briefing, a Police Commissioner said the NYPD has been lobbying the Department of Homeland Security to draft stricter regulations requiring chlorine vendors to verify the legitimacy of their customers. Source: http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F02E7DE133EF937A25751C0A96E9C8B63&scp=1&sq=New%20York%20City%20Chlorine%20Threat&st=cse


The newspaper article is as follows:


NYC police use fake company to set up chlorine buy, highlighting potential terror risk

Undercover police secretly set up a fake company to demonstrate how easily and anonymously a terrorist could purchase chlorine on the Internet for a deadly chemical strike against the city.

A videotape — presented Wednesday at a briefing of private security executives — discloses for the first time the results of "Operation Green Cloud" — a reference to the yellow-green color of chlorine gas. The purpose was "to assess the ease or difficulty with which a terrorist in the United States could acquire large quantities of chlorine without being detected by law enforcement or intelligence agencies," a narrator says on a copy of the video obtained by The Associated Press.

The conclusion: "At the present time, few if any barriers stand in his way."

There has been no specific terror threat against the city involving chemicals, but New York City police recently put more emphasis on screening shipments of chlorine after learning that it has become a favored component of homemade bombs in Iraq. A United Nations report found that at least 10 attacks in Iraq involved explosives attached to chlorine canisters.

Chlorine typically is used as a disinfectant or purifier, and as an ingredient in plastics and other products. While routinely transported in liquid form, it can turn into a deadly toxic gas when exposed to air.

Police Commissioner Raymond Kelly said that while there were no places to obtain chlorine in New York, there are several locations in neighboring New Jersey. "It's something we have to be concerned about," he said of the potential of an attack using chlorine. "We think the whole area needs a lot of regulation." Kelly said the NYPD has been lobbying the Department of Homeland Security to draft stricter regulations requiring chlorine vendors to verify the legitimacy of their customers. The department sent federal officials a copy of the videotape and "asked them to include strict 'know-your-customer' rules," Kelly said.

Homeland Security has been focusing on high-risk manufacturers, distributors and retailers of chlorine in an attempt to secure the nation's domestic supply, agency spokesman Russ Knocke said. The agency also has been briefing other law enforcement groups on the issue, he said. Police stressed that the chlorine deal was within current regulations, which have no requirement that vendors verify identification of their customers or report transactions.

In the video, an intelligence detective describes how in June the department fabricated a water purification company, complete with a mailing address, Web site and a phony contract with the city to clean up a polluted creek in Brooklyn. Investigators, after using the Internet to identify local vendors, used a credit card to place an order with one unnamed firm for three 100-pound cylinders of chlorine. No one ever asked for identification and the purchase required little human interaction, police said. The video includes surveillance footage of a truck delivering the canisters on a rain-slicked Brooklyn street lined with warehouses. At the time, hazardous material teams were on standby to respond to any accidents, police said.

Associated Press writer Colleen Long contributed to this report.


Bio-Dynamic Potable Water System Protects Schools and Hospitals


"We are surprised at how effective the chlorinators are and how simply

and efficiently they work. Please do one more installation... at our house

for handicapped children."  Kenscoff Orphanage

Kenscoff Children

With the support of studies conducted by the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, the Washington, DC based non-profit organization International Action continues their quest to provide affordable, safe drinking water to struggling nations.  Grim statistics from Haiti’s health agencies make this area a top priority.  Without intervention, up to one-third of their children will die before the age of five due to intestinal disorders from dirty water sources.  They recently shared exciting information and new photos regarding their progress utilizing easily installed and operated Bio-Dynamic chlorine disinfection tablet dispensers.  All are from the Kenscoff area outside Port-au-Prince where their crew has been working while civil unrest cools down in the capital.  These photos of the proud team were taken at the hospital Fermathe with Community Organizer Dalebrun Esther in front and local plumber Joanes Bastin behind him.  The young man in the first photo is Dimitri from their partner group.  The second photo shows Laurie Knop, International Action’s partner in Haiti, directing the work.  The chlorinator behind them is used to protect the Hospital Fermathe’s patients.  The word of decline in illnesses has spread and the Hospital Fermathe staff has requested that the organization protect 350 schools they run throughout Haiti.  International Action, along with assistance from the Haitian Minister of Agriculture, is working rapidly to plot out an education campaign including training local residents as Bio-Dynamic Potable Water System installers to speed the availability of sanitized drinking water.  The campaign is titled “Miracle in Haiti” because some residents of the poor neighborhoods call the chlorine system and resulting clean water a miracle and travel long distances to carry away safe water.  They recently surveyed 10 community water tanks in the Kenscoff area that were recipients of chlorinators.  A Haitian mother standing in line for water asked them to share the news that, “It’s a miracle that your organization has brought us clean water.  We are so grateful that our children don’t get sick…as they used to.”  Over the course of the next year, 500,000 people will gain access to these “miracle” systems.  To learn more about International Action's current and future humanitarian efforts in Haiti, click on the following link: www.haitiwater.org.



Designed for sites where wastewater disposal options are severely limited, the Singulair NPDES system utilizes advanced treatment technologies to meet EPA performance criteria.  EPA General Permits are issued for systems that treat wastewater and discharge effluent to surface waters.  NPDES permits require strict compliance with watershed based performance limits and failsafe operational controls.  The operation and performance of the Singulair NPDES system meets EPA’s General Permit criteria and allows economical land utilization while protecting environmentally sensitive areas.  The primary treatment platform of the NPDES system is the Singulair Model TNT wastewater treatment plant which has successfully completed NSF International’s most demanding evaluation protocol, Standard 245.  Treatment of domestic wastewater is accomplished by the extended aeration process with non-mechanical flow equalization, gravitational settling, tertiary filtration, UV disinfection and effluent re-aeration.


To assure compliance with EPA’s stringent permit limits the electro-mechanical components of the NPDES system providing aeration, filtration and disinfection are monitored 24/7 by Norweco’s exclusive Service Pro telemetry.  Should a system component require maintenance Service Pro immediately notifies the Singulair service provider.  In addition to providing notification of the need for service, the Service Pro system manages operating data and maintenance records with a password protected website for online performance accountability.  Access to the website records of each Singulair NPDES system can be granted to regulatory agencies responsible for operational oversight.  The system owner is provided READ ONLY access to the maintenance records which can be used to demonstrate compliance with permit requirements when renewal of the EPA General Permit is requested.  With performance that rivals the most advanced treatment systems in the world, coupled with Service Pro remote monitoring, the Singulair NPDES wastewater treatment system is another example of how Norweco is engineering the future of water and wastewater to provide today's answer for the protection of tomorrow's environment.



John and Monica Kubena and their seven children celebrate their new house protected by the Singulair system from Norweco, courtesy of ABC Television’s “Extreme Makeover: Home Edition.”  The problem of providing new living quarters for the Kubena family in East Bernard, Texas was solved with the help of a Singulair Bio-Kinetic wastewater treatment system. Norweco's local, licensed Singulair distributor and the design team at ABC's Extreme Makeover: Home Edition installed a Singulair Bio-Kinetic system that was capable of providing the environment the Kubena family needed for their twin girls Tara and Sara who are recovering from Leukemia.  For more information, view the entire Extreme Makeover story on our website.



The year 2006 marked the 100th Anniversary of the founding of Norweco and our original parent company. Based on a patent for a burial vault originally issued in 1902, Norwalk Vault Company was incorporated in 1906 to build and eventually license the manufacture of the unique design. Over the years, the burial vault design evolved into designs for septic tanks, bomb shelters, utility vaults and wastewater treatment plants. The company developed into a leading manufacturer of precast concrete, steel molds and wastewater treatment products, which would subsequently become Norweco. The Norwalk Vault Company produced three independent companies and hundreds of distributors who used the word "Norwalk" in their company name. Throughout the history of all the affiliated corporations and their successors, the combination of a deep commitment to the customer coupled with fundamentally sound design, engineering and manufacture has been the common bond.

We celebrated our Centennial with a four-day series of distributor meetings that featured a look back at our history and the introduction of several new products for the future. Distributors from throughout North America attended the event, which was themed "100 Years of Integrity, Reliability and Innovation." New product introductions, new listings and increasing acceptance of advanced treatment technology continues to position Norweco and our distributors on the forefront of the water and wastewater treatment industry. We understand that our continued success, and the success of our distributors, is dependent upon our ability to consistently deliver quality service and products to our customers. The Centennial Celebration was an opportunity to reflect on our past, envision our future and set our sights on growth and opportunity. With a renewed commitment to the partnerships we have forged with our distributors, dealers and customers, we look forward to our next century of "Progress Through Service."



The Service Pro "Big Red" service truck traveled throughout North America helping Norweco distributors promote their products and celebrate our Centennial.  Big Red is an International Truck and Engine Corporation Model CXT with a nine foot tall cab, 310 horsepower MaxxForce engine and six tons of hauling power that was customized especially for the Norweco Centennial.  Towering over everything else on the street, the International Model CXT is the largest production pickup truck in the world and demands attention wherever it goes.


While visiting Waco, Texas, to participate in the annual Texas Commission on Environmental Quality Conference and the Hanson Concrete Products Company Singulair Training Seminar, Big Red may have received a little too much attention.  The Hanson seminar was well attended by installing contractors and the TCEQ conference drew big crowds.  However, the day before the conference when Hanson’s Sales Manager, Chris Davis, and Big Red went missing, the Norweco sales team who were waiting for the truck to arrive in Waco, got a little nervous.  Chris claims he was having Big Red washed and detailed at the local truck wash but this photograph provides proof positive that the detailing job wasn’t the only project Chris was working on that day.  It’s obvious Chris used Big Red’s horsepower to his advantage as he was able to convince an entire staff of waitresses from a local Hooters restaurant to leave their work stations and join him for a joy ride.  Sales of wings, Singulair systems and Blue Crystal chlorine tablets may have suffered briefly, but it looks like everyone had a good time.  Chris claims that he took the truck to a mall that has the only combination truck wash/Hooters restaurant in the state of Texas.  However, when members of the Norweco sales team tried to find the alleged truck wash/restaurant no such facility could be located.



We've mounted a Singulair Model 206C aerator into a clear display cylinder to demonstrate its powerful mixing action and air delivery.  The aerator, designed specifically for use in the Singulair Bio-Kinetic wastewater treatment system, turns a four-pronged aspirator at a speed of 1725 RPM.  As the aspirator turns within the contents of the Singulair tank, a vortex is created and air bubbles are released into the aeration chamber.  Air injection provides just the right environment for biological oxidation of the wastewater.  The aerator generates the tank mixing action necessary for complete biological treatment and the mixing also operates the Singulair clarification chamber's sludge return system.  Notice that the mixing action continues even after the aerator is turned off.  The hydraulic currents that are created continue through the Bio-Static sludge return and the sludge return zone of the clarification chamber continues to function even when the aerator is in an off cycle.  Simply click on the image to the right to view the demonstration.





Another reason to worry about global warming: more and itchier poison ivy.  The noxious vine grows faster and bigger as carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere rise, researchers report.  And a CO2-driven vine also produces more of its rash-causing chemical, urushiol, according to experiments conducted by Duke University where scientists increased the carbon dioxide levels of a nearby forest to those expected in 2050.  Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas that’s considered a major contributor to global warming.  Compared to poison ivy grown in usual atmospheric conditions, those exposed to the extra-high carbon dioxide grew about three times larger and produced more allergenic form urushiol, scientists from Duke and Harvard University reported.  Their study appears in a recent Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.  “The fertilization effect of rising CO2 on poison ivy… and the shift toward a more allergenic form of urushiol have important implications for the future health of both humans and forests,” the study concludes. 

Norweco, Inc. was honored with the Governor’s Excellence Award in Workers’ Compensation recognized by The Ohio Bureau of Workers’ Compensation (BWC).  This prestigious award acknowledges Ohio businesses and public employers that provide a safe, cost-effective workplace for their employees, while supporting their injured workers.  The criteria cited by the bureau for this award are: exemplary commitment to creating a safe workplace, an outstanding cost-containment program, active leadership by senior management, employee involvement and measurable results.  With zero recordable injuries for nearly 3 years, Norweco recognizes that employee efforts were key to achieving this goal.  Norweco’s commitment to a safe and healthy workplace earned them this mark of distinction.  Out of 150 applicants, Norweco is honored to be one of only six Ohio businesses to receive the Governor’s Excellence Award in Workers’ Compensation.  For more information on the Ohio Bureau of Workers’ Compensation and the safety programs and services that they offer, visit www.ohiobwc.com.


Norweco, Inc. was notified by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) that the company has achieved SHARP certification.  SHARP stands for Safety and Health Achievement Recognition Program and is a highly selective certification that recognizes employers who have partnered with OSHA on-site consultants to establish and maintain an exemplary safety program in the workplace. Norweco’s program meets and exceeds all of the major elements of the Safety and Health Program Management Guidelines outlined by OSHA, including: management leadership, employee involvement, worksite analysis, hazard prevention, and safety and health training. Once safety standards were identified, Norweco was graded on a number of attributes relating to hazard anticipation, detection, prevention and control, safety planning, evaluation and training, management commitment, and employee participation.  To complete the program, Norweco worked with OSHA consultants over a period of two years and in 2003, achieved the number one goal of obtaining a record of zero accidents or injuries. The OSHA on-site consulting team conducts nearly 1000 consultations in Ohio each year, and Norweco is proud to be one of only 5 companies to successfully achieve SHARP status.  If you would like more information on the SHARP program, visit OSHA’s website at www.osha.gov/dcsp/smallbusiness/sharp.html


The USEPA and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers announced two actions to clarify their enforcement of the Clean Water Act. The first action was to issue updated guidance language to assist the two agencies with their enforcement efforts. The second action was to announce the USEPA’s intention to publish an Advance Notice of Proposed Rule Making, which notifies the public that regulations are slated for review and asks for public comment.  The USEPA decided that clarification of the guidance language was necessary following a ruling from the U.S. Supreme Court. In January, the Supreme Court ruled that the Corps of Engineers had exceeded its authority when it blocked the construction of a landfill outside of Chicago in the mid-1990’s.  The guidance language reaffirms federal jurisdiction over traditional navigable waters and their adjacent wetlands, but not if they are contained within one state and non-navigable, where the sole basis for jurisdiction would be the Migratory Bird Rule.  The language also encouraged field staff to seek formal, project-specific approval prior to asserting jurisdiction over non-navigable, intrastate waters based on current regulatory definitions of "waters of the U.S."


The EPA and the Los Angeles Regional Water Quality Board (LARWQCB) took serious action against one frequent violator of the Clean Water Act.  The City of Los Angeles admitted liability for more than 3,600 spills dating back to 1994 that resulted in the discharge of millions of gallons of untreated sewage.  The city’s admission of these violations could force them to pay the maximum penalties with fines totaling over $90 million.  In a separate Federal lawsuit filed by the EPA and state water officials, Los Angeles could be forced to commit to making repairs to about half of it’s 6,500 miles of sewer lines, many of which are a half-century old.  Similar suits have been brought against Atlanta, Miami, New Orleans, Baltimore and others that would require them to make up to $100 billion in improvements.  However, such an investment may not be enough to keep pace with aging infrastructures.  Some municipalities are offsetting the cost of these improvements and repairs by increasing residential sewer fees assessed to their citizens.  Ultimately, each of us will pay the price or reap the rewards of protecting our water resources for future generations.


Microsoft has created what it calls “the world’s first internet outhouse.”  The iLoo incorporates an internal flat-screen plasma display, wireless keyboard and 802.11b broadband access, as well as 6-channel surround sound.  The keyboard is independently mounted and can be held on the user’s lap.  To address the long lines that could develop if patrons linger too long inside, the unit also has an external plasma screen and a waterproof external silicone keyboard for those who are waiting.  The toilet and sink use vacuum suction to dispose of the waste.  To add reading material, the company is negotiating with toilet paper manufacturers for special rolls with web addresses printed on them.  Security is also of utmost importance for the new device; Microsoft plans to post a guard to protect the hardware.  “If we didn’t post a guard, somebody would probably just lift the whole thing up and walk away with it,” a spokesman said.


The USEPA published an update to their Design Manual: Onsite Wastewater Treatment and Disposal Systems, commonly known as the "Purple Manual." This update is meant to provide a more focused approach to onsite wastewater treatment than the last edition which was published in 1980. The update is not intended to replace the 1980 version, but rather to provide supplemental information about recent developments in treatment technologies, designs and system management.  Information contained in this publication includes an abundance of technical data on traditional and new systems with a performance-based approach to selection and design. A team of experts from public agencies, private groups, professional associations and academic organizations supplied the information for the updated design manual. Norweco is cited in the acknowledgements as making a significant contribution to the development of this important training and reference publication.


Although Staten Island’s Fresh Kills Landfill was closed for dumping, one mound has been temporarily re-opened for the wreckage of the World Trade Center. Fresh Kills, whose name is Dutch for fresh stream, originally was a beautiful marshland. While it is currently a defunct landfill, faith remains it will once again be a place of hope, life and beauty.  Since 1993, Fresh Kills Landfill has been the site of a successful ecological experiment. New York City officials were concerned that roots from a few naturally occurring shrubs and trees might puncture the protective plastic liner that acted as a seal above the refuse. A team of experts from Rutgers University found that as tree roots hit the liner, they spread out instead of puncturing it. This prompted city officials to look at ways to expand the vegetation to create a better habitat. The project started with planting 20 patches of native trees, shrubs, flowers and grasses on two of the landfill's four mounds. Eventually all 2,200 acres of Fresh Kills will be covered with meadows and woodlands, creating a natural oasis for wildlife on New York’s coastal wetlands. Perhaps one day we can view the final resting place for the World Trade Center as a true monument of the American spirit, a landfill to a forest.


The problem of rising fecal coliform levels in our oceans is well recognized. After enforcing numerous regulations regarding the deliberate release of such pollutants into the oceans, the EPA is now focusing on unintentional causes such as stormwater runoff. An often over-looked cause of rising fecal coliform levels is the contribution by problem grease traps. If grease traps go neglected, the grease is released into the sewage system where it solidifies and clogs sewer lines forcing wastewater to surface and take alternative routes, most of which lead to ocean waters. This situation emphasizes the need for proper grease trap care. Norweco’s Bio-Gem actually digests grease, fat and oil to help prevent problems in collection systems. Norweco’s Bio-Kinetic wastewater management system (BK 2000) makes grease traps work better because it equalizes the flow and filters grease before it can clog lines. This combination would be ideal in ending grease trap problems and ultimately their contribution to the oceans’ fecal coliform levels.


The EPA, in an effort to rid drinking water of the microbial pathogen Cryptosporidium, is requiring public water systems which service fewer than 10,000 persons to add tighter filtration system controls. Cryptosporidium is considered by many to be a harbinger of a new type of microbiological risk for the future. Able to survive dormant in the soil for years, Cryptosporidium and similar microorganisms illustrate a potential weakness in traditional sub-surface waste disposal methods. Concern that other pathogenic microorganisms may also survive underground disposal is causing some authorities to require disinfection for both surface and subsurface disposal. Although this is a controversial subject, experimental systems have proven that pathogenic organisms in wastewater can be eliminated without residual chlorine being detrimental to naturally occurring bacteria.


November 19 has been declared World Toilet Day by the WTO -- the World Toilet Organization.  The 17-nation WTO concluded its inaugural World Toilet Summit in Singapore by declaring that henceforth, November 19 will "be used to promote awareness of the need for good toilets."  The WTO released a list of nine goals for their organization, including the dissemination of useful toilet information on their website, an effort to improve the quality of toilet environments and to "work harmoniously together in the promotion of better toilets for all people on earth."  WTO members competed vigorously to host the next World Toilet Summit.  Korea won the honor of hosting the event. Sign up today to make sure you get a good seat!


A study commissioned by the White House and conducted by the National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council has concluded that global warming "is real and particularly strong within the past 20 years."  It is estimated that by 2100, temperatures may increase between 2.5 and 10.4 degrees Fahrenheit above those of 1990.  These increases may not seem substantial, but they may lead to serious adverse effects on society and the environment by the end of this century.  In addition to the increase in temperatures, there will likely be a hydrologic impact.  The study concludes that the predicted warming may lead to droughts in the Great Plains, substantially impacting agricultural production.  There could also be significant changes over the western U.S., where much of the water supply is dependent on the amount of snow and the timing of spring runoff.  In addition, some areas may experience increased rainfall rates that could lead to problems with pollution run-off and flood control.  While the report admits the exact costs and risks involved are difficult to quantify, it concludes that the danger grows as the rate and magnitude of climate change increases.


A recent Wall Street Journal article addressed the ongoing problem created by coagulated fat in America’s sewers.  While city plumbing codes generally require “grease generating establishments” to utilize a grease trap, disposing of the accumulated grease is becoming more difficult.  If the trap is not emptied, the greasy water races straight through, causing pipes to clog, machinery to jam, and ultimately leading to sewage backup and overflow.  Many fast food restaurants are adding secondary treatment following their existing grease traps and have turned to Norweco products to solve their special treatment problems.


A privately owned wastewater treatment plant in Hillard, OH was closed after 10 years of complaints. According to environmental officials the smell from the plant caused burning eyes, noses and throats and occasionally resulted in canceled recesses at a nearby elementary school.  Norweco’s Singulair, Modulair and Travalair wastewater treatment systems can eliminate the problems of malfunctioning plants and protect the health and quality of life of the citizens they serve.  Reuse of the high quality effluent our systems provide is particularly beneficial to people in areas where potable water supplies are limited.


Earthquakes in El Salvador and India left tens of thousands dead, however, the human suffering did not stop when the earth stopped shaking. Following natural disasters, it is not uncommon for waterborne diseases to kill more people than the disaster itself. Bio-Dynamic tablet feeders are currently being used to disinfect the potable water for thousands of earthquake survivors.  By providing the basic necessity of sanitary drinking water to those that have lost everything, humanitarian groups and private companies, such as Norweco, are preventing this tragedy from taking thousands of additional victims.


Escherichia Coli 0157:H7 infiltrated the water supply of a town in southwestern Ontario making more than 1,000 people ill and resulting in the deaths of fifteen others. Contaminated water is also suspected as the source of illness for 39 people who attended an Ohio county fair. Some experts believed the rainy summer created longstanding puddles that may have served as breeding grounds for the bacteria. An additional outbreak two months later at the same fairgrounds has lead officials to close a display there.  


Norweco's Integrated System Controls eliminate the need for multiple control panels when a pump station is installed with a Singulair system. The prewired control center consolidates the pump control wiring, control switches, circuit breakers, alarms, timeclock and aerator circuitry into a single lockable enclosure.


Licensed distributors are manufacturing precast concrete settling and retention basins from proprietary Norweco molds for the Bio-Kinetic Wastewater Management System. BK 2000 systems are now available in precast concrete basins, or one-piece and segmented three-piece UPS shippable plastic basins. Norweco distributors have the option of installing the Bio-Kinetic tertiary device in a 24" diameter by 6 foot tall plastic or concrete solids settling and retention basin.


One of our Canadian distributors has been working for several months with the owners of a local nudist colony. The camp has plans to expand its facilities and the distributor has quoted a Modulair Wastewater Treatment System to meet their growing needs. Several members of Norweco's engineering department have volunteered their assistance for "sight" inspections, surveying, installation work and routine bi-weekly service visits.


What do you have in common with a dinosaur? ... The same drinking water. We have about the same amount of water as when the earth was formed. The same water is used over and over again. Try not to think about it too much.


The Chicago Tunnels and Reservoir Plan are noted in the Guinness World Records as the largest sewage tunnel, extending 93 miles with diameter of 9 to 33 feet. In 2004, a total of 109 miles were scheduled to be complete.


A woman in St. Louis recently destroyed her utility room by using swimming pool disinfecting tablets as a drain cleaner.  Fortunately, no one was hurt but her misfortune teaches an important lesson.  Any tablet containing chlorine, including Bio-Sanitizer, is dangerous if misused.  Read and follow label directions!


The Chicago Tribune reports that a combined sewer system located in a city park has been discovered as a fishing "hot spot."  One sewer manhole became so popular for taking a Crappie or Bluegill that city officials were forced to place a thick steel plate over the manhole cover so it could not be removed.


Seen on the back of a septic pumper truck: "Satisfaction guaranteed, or your merchandise cheerfully refunded."

(Reprinted from READER'S DIGEST, July, 2001)



Norwalk Wastewater Equipment Company, Inc.
220 Republic Street  Norwalk, Ohio, U.S.A.  44857-1156
1-800-NORWECO  Phone: (419) 668-4471  Fax: (419) 663-5440 

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